One important issue that involves assessment is the high numbers of minority students who are identified for special education services the education policy analysis archives website hosts an article on assumptions about the nature of disproportionate representation that provides an overview of the complex issues. Green, t d (2005) promising prevention and early intervention strategies to reduce overrepresentation of african american students in special education preventing school failure, 49(3), 33-41 discusses ways to adapt ortiz's (2002) “ prevention of school failure and early intervention for english learners” to meet the. Category were biased against african american children and declared that the disproportionate representation of african american students in pro- grams for students with mild mr was discriminatory they banned the use of iq tests with african american students and ordered the elimination of overrepresentation of african. Ithough the field of special education was formed on the heels of the brown decision and applied rhetoric and tactics from the civil rights movement, the dispropor- tionate referral and placement of african american students in special education has become a discursive tool for exercising white privilege and racism first. Is rti a viable approach to address disproportionate representation of minority students in special education in exploring this critical question, it is helpful to consider salient characteristics of both the rti paradigm and the complexities of the disproportionality problem unlike the discrepancy model that assume intrinsic.
Since the late 1960s, there have been serious concerns among policymakers and the general public regarding the overrepresentation of african american students in special education (artiles & trent, 1994) disproportionate representation of minority students, especially african americans, in a variety of. African american students are disproportionally represented in educational programs for students meeting eligibility criteria for emotional disturbance although special education services are designed to improve student outcomes, the provision of services may result in social stigma, removal from the. This article places the problem of disproportionate representation of african american students in special education in the context of the white privilege and r.
More successful school adjustments for african american males disproportionality and poverty poverty, which disproportionately affects african american children, is considered to be a major factor in the overrepresentation of african american children in special education (osher et al , 2004. Representation of minority students in special education morgan et al does not undermine the ethnic and racial demographic of special education in the us, but instead expresses, “finding that racial-, ethnic-, and language-minority children in the united states are less likely than otherwise similar white. Abstract the purpose of this research is to discuss the causes of disproportionality of african american students within special education program also, this research is discussing the misuse of special education law against this population as well as represents suggestions to reduce the increase of black.
The majority of school corporations across the nation have a disproportionate number of african american students with exceptionalities disproportionality means that a group within a category is being represented more or less than what would be expected from the proportions in the general population disproportionate in. Abstract equal but separate: the disproportionate representation of african american students in special education by rochelle ponder ma, michigan school of professional psychology, 2000 ba, wayne state university, 1997 doctoral study submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of. On average, african american and hispanic students are found eligible for special education services at higher rates than their populations would suggest, while unknown factors play a role in the disproportionate representation of students from various racial and ethnic backgrounds receiving special education services. Ambiguity and subjectivity embedded in the mild disabilities categories, teacher judgments in the referral process com- bined with the inherent biases of the assessment process con- tribute to the disproportionate referral and special education placement of african american students (anderson, 1994 artiles & trent, 1994.
This article places the problem of disproportionate representation of african american students in special education in the context of the white privilege and racism that exist in american society as a whole the author discusses how educational resource allocation, inappropriate curriculum and pedagogy, and inadequate. Can students act out more than other students rather, african american students appear to be referred to the office for less serious and more subjective reasons coupled with extensive and highly consistent prior data, these results argue that disproportionate representation of african americans in office referrals, suspen. This article places the problem of disproportionate representation of african american students in special education in the context of the white privilege and racism that exist in american society as a whole the author discusses how educational resource allocation, inappro- priate curriculum and pedagogy, and inadequate.
Abstract this study investigated the extent to which the overrepresentation of african american students in more restrictive special education settings is attributable to their overrepresentation in disability categories more likely to be served in more restrictive educational environments within 5 disability categories. Commissions on the disproportionate representation of minority students in special education (heller, holtzman & messick, 1982 national research council [nrc], 2002) have linked disproportionality to the evaluation procedures that are used to identify high incidence disabilities (eg, sld: specific learning disability. Accepted for inclusion in culminating projects in special education by an authorized administrator of therepository at st cloud state for more information , please contact [email protected] recommended citation niedenfuer, joshua d, the overrepresentation of african american students in special education:. Among the most-longstanding and intransigent issues in the field, the disproportionate representation of minority students in special education programs has its roots in a long history of educational segregation and discrimination although national estimates of disproportionality have been consistent over.