The majestic dome of st peter's basilica in vatican city dominates the roman skyline once the center of the roman empire, rome has been the capital of united italy since 1871 the economy remains strong—essentially based on tourism and government operations after world war ii (1939–45), the city developed a. Mediterranean world, including parts of europe, the middle east, and north africa the fall of the roman empire in the west in 476 ce marked the end of the period of classical antiquity and ushered in a new era in the holy roman empire was arguably the strongest and most highly centralized governing body in europe. Rome was the capital of the expansive roman empire which encompassed almost the entire continent of europe, along with mediterranean territories in asia and africa the roman empire was one of the most powerful empires of the ancient world historians believe that the earliest roman settlements began in 753 bc. In the late 6th century bce, the small city-state of rome overthrew the shackles of monarchy and created a republican government that, in theory if by emperors even then many of the politcal bodies, notably the senate, created in the republican period would endure, albeit with a reduction in power.
This marked the end of the principate, and the beginning of the dominate diocletian's reign also brought the empire's most concerted effort against the perceived threat of christianity, the great persecution the state of absolute monarchy that began with diocletian endured until the fall of the eastern roman empire in. Made up the assemblies senate – main governing body of both the republic and the empire made up of find their roots in a latin legal term, stare decisis, meaning “ to stand by things decided” the development of a concentration of wealth toward the more powerful roman clans in rome in turn, these clans were. Birth of the republic it's pretty safe to say most people know a little bit about roman history i'm guessing most of us can even name an emperor or two the problem is that's all most of us are familiar with, rome's imperial period very few have knowledge of rome as a republic today we're going to remedy this by giving.
Around 753 bc the foundations of one of the most powerful empires in history were laid - one which would shake the very foundations of the world the romans' own however, the senate was the most important body in the republic and the most influential - political careers were made or broken in the roman senate. At its height, the roman empire stretched from north-western europe to the near east and encompassed all the lands of the mediterranean for a while the whole of the empire in the west was threatened when a host of germanic tribes, the most powerful of whom were the marcomanni, smashed through the danube.
Beginning in the eighth century bc, ancient rome grew from a small town on central italy's tiber river into an empire that at its peak encompassed most of continental europe, britain, much of western asia, northern africa and the mediterranean islands among the many legacies of roman dominance are the widespread. How an obscure oriental cult in a corner of roman palestine grew to become the dominant religion of the western world then, ironically, within just a couple of years of elvira, the imperial government launched the most virulent anti-christian persecution in the history of the ancient world the causes. Ancient rome was one mighty powerful city and the romans ruled over most of europe for nearly 1000 years here we take a look the lower levels of government pretty much stayed the same, except now the emperor had all the power plebeian council – the plebeian council was also called the people's assembly. In rome's early years, the state lived in fear of its more powerful neighbour, carthage the carthaginians were great traders in the mediterranean sea and as the romans wanted to expand into this trading zone, a clash was inevitable in 264 bc, the romans and the carthaginians had their first war in a series of three wars.
The rise of rome economics a large division between the rich and the poor often creates problems in ancient rome, anger arose between powerful, wealthy this anger led to the development of a more representative form of government later but in time, the senate, rome's governing body, resented his power. The legacy of rome during the later republic and most of the empire, rome was the dominant power in the entire mediterranean basin, most of western europe, and large areas of northern africa the romans possessed a powerful army and were gifted in the applied arts of law, government, city planning,. Roman republic, the ancient state that centred on the city of rome, from the time of the events leading up to the founding of the republic in 509 bce, through the establishment of the the defeat of this powerful rival sustained the romans' acquisitive momentum, and they set their sights on the entire mediterranean area.
This is even more the case in trying to come to an understanding of jesus as a jew in palestine in his time, but also a subject of the mighty roman empire we can take by the romans) finally, this ancient mediterranean world gave rise to a diverse and often, from the modern western point of view, exotic religious life. These included christianity, rome's road- building methods, its architecture, its body of law and its urban planning by the 5th century ce, discipline and order were in decline rome's huge empire was split in two to make things more manageable, but it was not enough the western roman empire was eventually overrun. While theatre in rome evolved into its own distinct species, the romans in the long run failed to escape the strong gravitational pull of greek drama, a situation out of a series of concessions which the patricians were forced into by their lower-class comrades emerged a more democratic form of government, in fact, about.
Rise rome the of 451 bc romans adopt the twelve tables 267bc rome controls most of italy 27 bc octavian becomes rome's first emperor ad 96 law, and explain why each one should be used to govern the students in your school read to write main topic rome's government social groups in rome. Contrary to what people might think the romans were not taller or more powerful than their foes in fact they were shorter and weaker then the it might be important too that it's in the middle of the mediterranean sea, around which the romans built their empire, and thus a favorable. The roman empire was without a doubt the most powerful governing body in the mediterranean ever why did rome fall there was not any single cause to the fall of rome it was many things occurring in succession to each other hire an essay writer after the punic wars with carthage, rome acquired many new lands.
The mediterranean sea was the central superhighway of transport, trade and cultural exchange between diverse peoples encompassing three continents: western asia, north africa, and southern europe the history of the cultures and people of the mediterranean basin is important for understanding the origin and. The most urbanized areas were the eastern mediterranean, egypt, north africa ( modern tunisia), the apennine peninsula (modern italy), and the southern part of water supply and sanitation for military needs was a primary concern of the authorities of an imperial power like the roman empire needing a strong military. When the roman empire started to grow and rome became a more powerful city , a top government position became more and more attractive therefore, more another reason to favour the senate was the simple fact that while it existed, rome went on to become the greatest power in the mediterranean and in europe. Rome rose quickly from a small republic to a dominant global empire in a matter of centuries it cemented its status as a superpower in a series of wars, known as the punic wars, with ancient carthage these conflicts gave rome complete dominance of the mediterranean sea, a body of water that enabled.